Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a serious disease, which makes breathing difficult and over time can lead to a state of disability. It is a chronic inflammatory disease that affects the alveolar (respiratory bubbles), and leading to their destruction. It manifests itself as emphysema or narrowing of the airways and leads to their destruction. It manifests itself as emphysema or narrowing of the airways and leads to chronic bronchitis. The disease is rarely isolated, often tracked and diseases of the cardiovascular system (coronary artery disease, high blood pressure, heart failure), generalized atherosclerosis, diabetes, osteoporosis, lungs cancer and other cancer sites, obstructive sleep neap and many other diseases. Therefore it considered that go along is about a multi-system disease, and pulmonary manifestation is only one of the forms of its manifestation.
USUALLY DETECTED IN ADVANCED STAGE
Typical symptoms include chronic cough, with or without expectorated, shortness of breath, wheezing, choking.
Because the cough is part of life of smokers, especially long-term, the disease is revealed mostly in advanced stages, which we doctors classify middleweight condition. A number of patients, help for their symptoms looking at other clinics, mostly in cardiology.
The disease is diagnosed by spectrometer using a simple cameras- spectrometer, which provides an opportunity to determine how much air you can breathe in and out and depending on sample capacity and lung volume, and calculate their relationship. This test is the simplest, but as additional diagnostic procedures to our CT lung and down diffusion of carbon monoxide. When a patient with COPD should seek help?
The doctor should immediately call if the execution in daily activities for you is difficult, difficult breathing continuously for three or four days have expectorated color fingers or lips asphyxiation, your heart works accelerated or skips, and medicines you use not breathing helps. This worsening of the disease and it is very important to educate the patient and to recognize in time.
IRREVERSIBLE LUNGS DAMAGE
In determining the diagnosis, the doctor will prescribe certain essential medicines for symptomatic relief, for example people with this disease can take bronco-dilators- medications that open airways, by relaxing the muscles themselves airway. Cortocosteroid help against inflammation of the airways. When the disease is in a period of deterioration, usually as a result of bacterial or viral infection, treatment is supplemented with an antibiotic, intensify the bronco-dilator and corticosteroid therapy. If necessary add oxygen therapy, and in severe cases the patient with respiratory failure, it is the invasive or non-invasive ventilation. If you stop smoking, the natural course of the disease will even more accelerating and drugs only help to decrease the symptoms. Possible complications include respiratory failure, deterioration of other accompanying diseases and inability to complete any work activity even care for them.
Each patient should bring some changes in lifestyle and to have some treatments that can help to lead to the changes.
First and foremost is the patient stops smoking. It is also the most difficult decision that should be made by the patient. Smoking is a chemical dependency and it is extremely difficult to stop, although smokers think it is no problem.Unaware that it is enough to smoke a cigarette and again to return to the stratum habit.
Second treatment is medicated with drugs, oxygen therapy, surgery and rehabilitation. In the winter months often hands should be washed and avoided indoors. The sick cannot go out when it is foggy or large aerosol. Should regularly visit their doctor regularly taking prescribed therapy and be positive and smiling.